Pop art (popular art from popular art) is a trend that developed first in modernist fine art, and then in various areas of mass culture of the 20th century.
Pop art arose in the 50s of the 20th century in the USA and Great Britain and finally won a “place in the sun” at the international exhibition in Venice (1964), having won over abstract art. The main prize was then received by the American artist R. Rauschenberg for “subject compilation” composed of combinations of colorful postcards and a fragment of a poster, clippings from illustrated magazines and photographs of the murdered President J. Kennedy.
Representatives of pop art in the person of R. Rauschenberg offered the viewer art that operates on familiar objects, which, torn from the usual connections with surrounding objects, appeared in random, paradoxical combinations.
“New objectivity”, which Cubism asserted at the beginning of the 20th century, returned in subject compilations of pop art. Turning to the world of things created by mass industrial production, pop art quickly entered the sphere of Continue reading
The tendency of the separation of art from the image of reality received a logical conclusion in the works of abstract artists. Their work was distinguished by a complete lack of plot and composition. Abstract art is considered one of the most complex phenomena of modern culture, since it completely excludes ideological content and figurative form.
A new direction in art was named from the Latin word abstractus, which means “abstract”. The canvases, made in an abstract style, were not popular with the masses, because the paintings, randomly filled with spots and lines, are quite difficult to understand. The quality of such work is practically not evaluable. Theorist of abstract art, Michel Seyfor, defines this direction in this way: “I call abstract any art that does not contain any reminder, no idea of reality.”
In the late 1940s, lyrical or romantic abstractionism spread in Europe. The characteristic features of the new trend are pronounced in the works of the German painter Wols.
The painting “Felix”, praised by critics, depicted the double, combined eyes and wings of a monstrous bird. Refined vision, Continue reading
Graphics is a type of fine art. It can be divided into three types:
– monumental – is closely connected with the architectural ensemble, for example, a poster (monumental printed graphics), wall graphics, cardboards;
– easel – performed “on the machine”, has no connection with a certain interior, the purpose and meaning of the work is completely limited to the artistic content (drawing, print, print);
– decorative – book illustrations, postcards, any graphic images on any subject that do not have special artistic value, but serve to organize the surface of the subject. Also, floristry refers to decorative graphics – compositions created using the fluff of trees, straws and other “living” materials.
The specificity of the art of graphics is made up of a drawing, here it is the leading, determining beginning and is applied in a purer form. Therefore, you can consider drawing the main means of graphics.
The word “graphics” itself originates from the Greek grapho – I write, draw. The drawing tells about the character, Continue reading