Romanesque art, a style of architecture and other branches of art that arose in Western Europe in the 10th century. The term “Romanesque” (French: Romanesque, Spanish: romanico, German: Romanik from Latin: romanum – Roman) appeared at the beginning of the 19th century when historians and romantic artists, discovering the art of the early Middle Ages, noticed that the architecture of this era externally reminds ancient Roman. The Romanesque era is the time of the emergence of a pan-European architectural style. The leading role in this process was played by the peoples of Western Europe. The formation of Western European Romanesque culture due to continuous wars and the migration of peoples took place later than in the East, in Byzantium, but proceeded more dynamically. The main feature of the Romanesque era is its openness to external influences.
The ornamentation of Romanesque art, mostly borrowed in the East, was based on the utmost generalization, geometrization, and schematization of the pictorial image. In everything, simplicity, power, strength, clarity were felt. Typically, the absence of any particular program in the placement of decorative motifs: geometric, “animal”, biblical – they are interspersed in the most bizarre way. Sphinxes, centaurs, griffins, lions and harpies coexist Continue reading