In sculpture, gypsum is often considered as a means to create the primary model, which is then used to make more durable work of stone or metal. Nevertheless, it is this pliable and plastic material that allows the master to really create.
One of the recognized masters of gypsum art, Henry Moore, created his sculptures and stucco moldings from gypsum as completed works. He believed that only work created directly by the author’s hands conserves his energy. That is why gypsum stucco molding and sculpture were the priority areas of his work.
The mysterious and wise Henry Moore Continue reading
Rococo (French rococo – artsy, bizarre from rocaille – rocky from roc – rock, cliff). Rococo is an original art style developed in the art of France in the first half of the 18th century. The same as the style of Louis XV, since it coincides with the time of the reign of this king (1720-1765). Rococo is one of the most famous “royal styles.” The origin of its name and basic forms is closely related to the concept of “rocaille”.
In 1736, the French jeweler and woodcarver J. Mondon “Son” published an album of engraved drawings entitled “The first book of the forms of rockail and cartel”. Cartel – French. cartelle by carte – card, paper scroll. But the word rocaille was then new. Back in the 17th century, it became fashionable in France to decorate park pavilions – grottoes stylized as natural caves, roughly processed with stones, molded shell-shaped decorations, intertwined plant stems associated with the theme of the sea and the attributes of the sea god Poseidon. These associations were strengthened by many fountains and ponds scattered in Continue reading
Empire (French empire – empire from the Latin. Imperium – command, power) – an art style created in France at the beginning of the 19th century, during the era of Napoleon Bonaparte’s empire. The chronological framework of the original French “Empire Style” is limited to a very short period of time: from the end of the reign of the Directory (1799) or the year of the coronation of Napoleon (1804) to the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty (1815). The main elements of the Empire, gleaned from ancient art, were already contained in the classicism of Louis XVI (Neoclassicism) and were crystallized in the “Directory style”. However, Empire is fundamentally different from Classicism. Napoleon strove for the splendor and aura of glory of the Roman emperors. Therefore, the artists of the French Empire were strictly ordered to take as a basis the art form of Ancient RomeEmpire.Empire – the style is hard and cold. P. Verlet defined it as “the hardened style of Louis XVI.” The decorative motifs of the Empire style Continue reading