Plaster stucco on the marine theme
At all times, magnificent temples and palaces were erected dedicated to the sea and the noble profession of sailors. Such architectural monuments can be found in Russia, in the countries of Europe, the United States of America and the African Republics. In our country, the Sea Cathedral of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker and the numerous Lighthouse Temples on the Black Sea coast can be considered examples of such monuments. These buildings are traditionally richly decorated with gypsum stucco and a sculpture on the marine theme.
Gypsum maritime symbols
To create a special marine atmosphere, sculptors use special symbols that create associations with fascinating sea voyages, magnificent ships and inhabitants of the deep ocean. Embodied in gypsum, such signs also have deeper meanings and meanings.
Among the most popular maritime symbols:
Anchor. It is a symbol of protection and security. People whose life is connected with the sea consider the anchor a talisman that brings them good luck and gives the highest protection. Representing this sign in a plaster stucco composition, sculptors strive to demonstrate the security of the architectural structure. A deeper interpretation of the anchor as a sign includes consideration of its individual parts. The basis of this design is the mast and boat, symbolizing the male and female principles. An anchor rope is often associated with the snake of life.
Ship. This is the strongest associative mark of navigation, which symbolizes search, a passion for knowledge, enlightenment and travel. Also, a ship in stucco or sculpture is often associated with Noah’s ark, as a means of salvation. In the late European Middle Ages, another interpretation of the ship appeared as a symbolic crew on the way to wealth.
Seagulls. This seabird symbolizes freedom, flight, purity of life. There has always been a legend in seafaring that seagulls are the revived souls of dead sailors. In addition, this beautiful bird is often associated with a lighthouse, showing the ships the right path.
Lighthouse. This is a common element of marine stucco moldings made of gypsum, as well as a powerful symbol in art and literature, which can be interpreted in different ways. A lighthouse means hope for a successful outcome and is associated with the long-awaited home shore. The light coming from the lighthouse to the ships is often associated with the power of human will and a thirst for enlightenment.
Sail. A sail filled with air is depicted as a symbol of the breath of the wind, purity and flight of the soul. This is one of the important attributes of the allegorical image of Fortune and the Greek goddess Athena. In the Christian tradition, full sails were associated with the appearance of the Holy Spirit.
Turtle. This sea creature in all philosophies, religions and cultural traditions was used as a symbol of longevity, wisdom and protection. The body structure of the turtle is often associated with the Great Triad. The carapace symbolizes the sky, the body – of man and the earth, and the lower carapace – water.
Dolphin. Inhabited simultaneously in the deep sea and in unlimited airspace, the dolphin is considered the king of fish and the savior of shipwrecked people. It symbolizes nobility, freedom, security and joy. Dolphins often occupy an important place in the sculptural plaster composition dedicated to the sea and sailors. In Greek mythology, these sea creatures often accompany the gods – Aphrodite, Poseidon, Apollo.
Poseidon. This ancient Greek god is often depicted with a trident in his hands. Being the brother of Zeus and Hades, and the son of the titan Kronos, Poseidon is considered the patron saint of the depths and storms. It is his anger that causes storms and leads to terrible shipwrecks. Poseidon’s face in sculpted and sculptural compositions always expresses anxiety and anxiety. This marine symbol is especially often used in the design of palaces and mansions of sailors.
Mermaid. This mythical creature represents a half-fish-half-woman. This image can be considered both attractive and repulsive. Attracting sailors with his beautiful voice and attractive appearance, in myths and legends, mermaids killed hundreds of experienced conquerors of the seas. Their image is associated with beauty and sinful temptation. However, there is another interpretation of this sign. Many legends describe the unrequited love of a mermaid for a man, which made her deeply unhappy and vulnerable.
Fish. This common sign can be interpreted in different ways. In many myths and legends, fish are described as demiurges who participated in the creation of the world. From this originates the opinion that fish symbolize higher knowledge. Also, fish were an attribute of many Great Goddesses – Ishtar, Astarte, Aphrodite. In this case, they were considered symbols of love and fertility.
Network. This popular instrument of sailors is considered a symbol of supernatural power and weapons of the Supreme Gods. The network was an integral attribute of such divine creatures as the Babylonian god Marduk, the Indian goddess Shiva, the ancient Greek god Hephaestus. The Bible describes the network as an instrument of divine power and authority.