Identity is a key feature of Japanese ukiyo-e engravings. Having no analogies in the art of other countries of the Far East, this system formed the basis for the formation of not only the culture of Japan itself, but also influenced the historical course and formation of the whole world culture.
For almost two centuries (XVII – XIX centuries), dating back to the Edo era, Ukiyo-e existed, originating in the bowels of urban culture and going a long and interesting way, captured by masters of Japanese engraving creating their paintings at different periods.
Hisikawa Moronobu (1618-1694) is considered the founder of the ukiyo-e engraving. He was the first to create not only book illustrations, but also easel works. By signing each and treating them as true works of art, Moronobu was a huge success. His art, the work of his students and younger contemporaries (Torii Kiyonobu and Kaygetsudo Ando) determined the style of the early engraving of ukiyo-e. The main genres that formed during this period were bidzing and yakusha-e. Continue reading
Any brush consists of three main parts: a hair bundle, a metal clip and a wooden handle.
Metal clip. Seamless metal clips of high-quality brushes made of seamless copper or brass can be coated with chrome or nickel. The holder of the brush should be tightly filled with hairs and firmly cover the handle around the circumference. To make the brush stronger, the hair bundle is glued to the handle, but the adhesive should not reach the upper end of the clip. This makes it necessary to use longer hairs so that the brush can be rotated by the desired degree during operation.
A pen. Pens of good quality can only be made of hardwood, such as beech, oak, birch. The handle and metal cage are pressed together for greater strength.
Hair bundle. The hair bundle, the actual working part of the brush, is natural or synthetic hair of a Continue reading