Pop art (popular art from popular art) is a trend that developed first in modernist fine art, and then in various areas of mass culture of the 20th century.
Pop art arose in the 50s of the 20th century in the USA and Great Britain and finally won a “place in the sun” at the international exhibition in Venice (1964), having won over abstract art. The main prize was then received by the American artist R. Rauschenberg for “subject compilation” composed of combinations of colorful postcards and a fragment of a poster, clippings from illustrated magazines and photographs of the murdered President J. Kennedy.
Representatives of pop art in the person of R. Rauschenberg offered the viewer art that operates on familiar objects, which, torn from the usual connections with surrounding objects, appeared in random, paradoxical combinations.
“New objectivity”, which Cubism asserted at the beginning of the 20th century, returned in subject compilations of pop art. Turning to the world of things created by mass industrial production, pop art quickly entered the sphere of Continue reading
The tendency of the separation of art from the image of reality received a logical conclusion in the works of abstract artists. Their work was distinguished by a complete lack of plot and composition. Abstract art is considered one of the most complex phenomena of modern culture, since it completely excludes ideological content and figurative form.
A new direction in art was named from the Latin word abstractus, which means “abstract”. The canvases, made in an abstract style, were not popular with the masses, because the paintings, randomly filled with spots and lines, are quite difficult to understand. The quality of such work is practically not evaluable. Theorist of abstract art, Michel Seyfor, defines this direction in this way: “I call abstract any art that does not contain any reminder, no idea of reality.”
In the late 1940s, lyrical or romantic abstractionism spread in Europe. The characteristic features of the new trend are pronounced in the works of the German painter Wols.
The painting “Felix”, praised by critics, depicted the double, combined eyes and wings of a monstrous bird. Refined vision, Continue reading
My art history lessons are different. I give lectures to adults, and I try to talk more with children, play, cause “co-creation” in them. Especially exciting for both parties are classes on the landscape genre. The first lesson in landscape among first-graders (first-graders 10-11 years old at an art school) takes place traditionally – first you need to get acquainted with the features of the genre, its varieties, with the most famous Russian landscape painters. The real sensual education begins in the next lesson, which I have called “Landscape Poetry.” Examining landscape paintings, we will now try to poetically comprehend the image. Children themselves note that poets dedicate a lot of verses to nature, recall Lermontov, Pushkin, Tyutchev. For me, this is a very suitable moment when I can bring my students to an understanding of the proximity of painting and poetry.
It is known that the arts do not delineate their boundaries and do not reject kinship. The art of image, the Continue reading