The tendency of the separation of art from the image of reality received a logical conclusion in the works of abstract artists. Their work was distinguished by a complete lack of plot and composition. Abstract art is considered one of the most complex phenomena of modern culture, since it completely excludes ideological content and figurative form.
A new direction in art was named from the Latin word abstractus, which means “abstract”. The canvases, made in an abstract style, were not popular with the masses, because the paintings, randomly filled with spots and lines, are quite difficult to understand. The quality of such work is practically not evaluable. Theorist of abstract art, Michel Seyfor, defines this direction in this way: “I call abstract any art that does not contain any reminder, no idea of reality.”
In the late 1940s, lyrical or romantic abstractionism spread in Europe. The characteristic features of the new trend are pronounced in the works of the German painter Wols.
The painting “Felix”, praised by critics, depicted the double, combined eyes and wings of a monstrous bird. Refined vision, Continue reading
My art history lessons are different. I give lectures to adults, and I try to talk more with children, play, cause “co-creation” in them. Especially exciting for both parties are classes on the landscape genre. The first lesson in landscape among first-graders (first-graders 10-11 years old at an art school) takes place traditionally – first you need to get acquainted with the features of the genre, its varieties, with the most famous Russian landscape painters. The real sensual education begins in the next lesson, which I have called “Landscape Poetry.” Examining landscape paintings, we will now try to poetically comprehend the image. Children themselves note that poets dedicate a lot of verses to nature, recall Lermontov, Pushkin, Tyutchev. For me, this is a very suitable moment when I can bring my students to an understanding of the proximity of painting and poetry.
It is known that the arts do not delineate their boundaries and do not reject kinship. The art of image, the Continue reading
The collection of the Louvre quickly increased due to paintings and sculptures confiscated during the revolution by the clergy and nobles. In addition, revolutionary France waged war with almost the whole of Europe, and priceless works of art captured in castles and palaces of other countries came to Paris as military trophies. This was facilitated by the victorious campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte, first the general of the revolutionary army, then the first consul of the Republic and, finally, the emperor of France.
Jacques-Louis David depicted in his painting how Napoleon crowned his wife Josephine in Notre Dame
During the period of the highest power and glory of the emperor, the Louvre became known as the Museum of Napoleon. Of course, Napoleon could not help but contribute to the restructuring of the palace. Under him, the construction of another museum wing began, and the Arc de Triomphe was erected on the square between the Louvre and the Tuileries. One of the Napoleonic campaigns was especially fruitful for the Louvre. In 1798, Bonaparte, at that time still just a general, went to conquer Egypt. In July, his army, having crossed the Mediterranean Sea, landed near Alexandria … Continue reading