Rococo (French rococo – artsy, bizarre from rocaille – rocky from roc – rock, cliff). Rococo is an original art style developed in the art of France in the first half of the 18th century. The same as the style of Louis XV, since it coincides with the time of the reign of this king (1720-1765). Rococo is one of the most famous “royal styles.” The origin of its name and basic forms is closely related to the concept of “rocaille”.
In 1736, the French jeweler and woodcarver J. Mondon “Son” published an album of engraved drawings entitled “The first book of the forms of rockail and cartel”. Cartel – French. cartelle by carte – card, paper scroll. But the word rocaille was then new. Back in the 17th century, it became fashionable in France to decorate park pavilions – grottoes stylized as natural caves, roughly processed with stones, molded shell-shaped decorations, intertwined plant stems associated with the theme of the sea and the attributes of the sea god Poseidon. These associations were strengthened by many fountains and ponds scattered in Continue reading
Angelik Kaufman, a German artist of the 18th century can be safely put on a par with the most famous representatives of classicism. Now her name is not very well known to the general public, but at one time she was a very famous artist. “My portrait for one friend was made by an exceptional person, one German artist. She is very strong in portraits … Her name is Angelica Kaufmann,” the famous German historian, Winkelmann, spoke of her.
To order her a portrait was considered prestigious, among her customers were Potemkin’s niece, the famous beauty Countess Skavronskaya, and Emperor Paul I with his wife, and even Catherine II. Who is she, a woman, in the 18th century, when women were destined, as they used to say in Germany, “cuisine, church, children”, accepted into the ranks of the most prestigious art academies of that time? On the self- Continue reading
Sculpture (lat. Sculptura, from sculpo – carve, cut), sculpture, plastic (Greek plastike, from plasso – sculpt), a form of fine art based on the principle of a three-dimensional, physically three-dimensional image of an object. Sculpture arose in the primitive era, as evidenced by the results of archaeological excavations conducted in different countries. The sculpture of the primitive period often served as a means of decorating utensils, tools and hunting, and was used as amulets. Developing, the sculpture acquired new functions and attitude towards itself.
The object of the image in the sculpture is mainly – a man, less often – animals, even less – nature and things. The idea in sculpture is conveyed by the author using expressive means, such as, for example, staging a figure in space, conveying its movement, and choosing proportions.
There are two main types of sculpture: a round sculpture, which is freely placed in space, and a relief, where the image is located on the plane that forms its background. Round sculptures include: a statue (a figure in height), a group (two or more figures that make up a single whole), a figurine (a figure significantly smaller than life size), a torso (image of a human body), a bust (breast image of a person), etc. The forms of the relief vary depending on its purpose and position Continue reading