Romanesque art, a style of architecture and other branches of art that arose in Western Europe in the 10th century. The term “Romanesque” (French: Romanesque, Spanish: romanico, German: Romanik from Latin: romanum – Roman) appeared at the beginning of the 19th century when historians and romantic artists, discovering the art of the early Middle Ages, noticed that the architecture of this era externally reminds ancient Roman. The Romanesque era is the time of the emergence of a pan-European architectural style. The leading role in this process was played by the peoples of Western Europe. The formation of Western European Romanesque culture due to continuous wars and the migration of peoples took place later than in the East, in Byzantium, but proceeded more dynamically. The main feature of the Romanesque era is its openness to external influences.
The ornamentation of Romanesque art, mostly borrowed in the East, was based on the utmost generalization, geometrization, and schematization of the pictorial image. In everything, simplicity, power, strength, clarity were felt. Typically, the absence of any particular program in the placement of decorative motifs: geometric, “animal”, biblical – they are interspersed in the most bizarre way. Sphinxes, centaurs, griffins, lions and harpies coexist Continue reading
Rococo (French rococo – artsy, bizarre from rocaille – rocky from roc – rock, cliff). Rococo is an original art style developed in the art of France in the first half of the 18th century. The same as the style of Louis XV, since it coincides with the time of the reign of this king (1720-1765). Rococo is one of the most famous “royal styles.” The origin of its name and basic forms is closely related to the concept of “rocaille”.
In 1736, the French jeweler and woodcarver J. Mondon “Son” published an album of engraved drawings entitled “The first book of the forms of rockail and cartel”. Cartel – French. cartelle by carte – card, paper scroll. But the word rocaille was then new. Back in the 17th century, it became fashionable in France to decorate park pavilions – grottoes stylized as natural caves, roughly processed with stones, molded shell-shaped decorations, intertwined plant stems associated with the theme of the sea and the attributes of the sea god Poseidon. These associations were strengthened by many fountains and ponds scattered in Continue reading
Graphics is a type of fine art. It can be divided into three types:
– monumental – is closely connected with the architectural ensemble, for example, a poster (monumental printed graphics), wall graphics, cardboards;
– easel – performed “on the machine”, has no connection with a certain interior, the purpose and meaning of the work is completely limited to the artistic content (drawing, print, print);
– decorative – book illustrations, postcards, any graphic images on any subject that do not have special artistic value, but serve to organize the surface of the subject. Also, floristry refers to decorative graphics – compositions created using the fluff of trees, straws and other “living” materials.
The specificity of the art of graphics is made up of a drawing, here it is the leading, determining beginning and is applied in a purer form. Therefore, you can consider drawing the main means of graphics.
The word “graphics” itself originates from the Greek grapho – I write, draw. The drawing tells about the character, Continue reading