In England, as every more or less stubborn student knows, the oldest constitutional monarchy. Therefore, it is customary to think that there, especially in former times, nothing was done without the knowledge of kings and queens. And, by the way, in the promotion of art to the masses, the British rulers greatly lost to everyone else.
In Europe, almost all famous museums were created at the highest initiative of the crowned persons and on the basis of their own collections: the Louvre, Prado, Uffizi Gallery. First for the chosen public, then for everyone. And in England, the decision to create the National Gallery in London was made by Parliament in April 1824. Continue reading
The collection of the Louvre quickly increased due to paintings and sculptures confiscated during the revolution by the clergy and nobles. In addition, revolutionary France waged war with almost the whole of Europe, and priceless works of art captured in castles and palaces of other countries came to Paris as military trophies. This was facilitated by the victorious campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte, first the general of the revolutionary army, then the first consul of the Republic and, finally, the emperor of France.
Jacques-Louis David depicted in his painting how Napoleon crowned his wife Josephine in Notre Dame
During the period of the highest power and glory of the emperor, the Louvre became known as the Museum of Napoleon. Of course, Napoleon could not help but contribute to the restructuring of the palace. Under him, the construction of another museum wing began, and the Arc de Triomphe was erected on the square between the Louvre and the Tuileries. One of the Napoleonic campaigns was especially fruitful for the Louvre. In 1798, Bonaparte, at that time still just a general, went to conquer Egypt. In July, his army, having crossed the Mediterranean Sea, landed near Alexandria … Continue reading
Visitors to the State Hermitage have a unique opportunity to see the best plastic samples created by masters for the entire time that intelligent life on Earth has existed. Perhaps the State Hermitage is the only museum in the world that provides such an opportunity.
Collection of small plastic of the prehistoric era in the Hermitage
The collection of small plastics of the prehistoric era in the Hermitage is one of the largest in the world. More than twenty Stone Age Venus figures make up the well-deserved pride of the museum. The permanent exhibition of the museum has stone and bone sculptures. Among all the exhibits belonging to this era, one can note the plastic works of Scythian masters. Continue reading
For a millennium, the Parisian residence of the French kings has long been the richest collection of masterpieces of world art. It is impossible to view the museum’s exposition in one day, but it’s just one day for the “organized” tourist to study this museum.
As for the sculpture presented in the museum, the most reasonable thing in the Louvre is to focus on the main masterpieces of plastic, around which the greatest attention of visitors is concentrated. The expositions of the French treasury are arranged in chronological order, in each of the sections there is something that cannot be missed. Continue reading
Sculpture, as one of the oldest forms of art, changes with people and time. And sculptures of the Renaissance are no exception. What do we know about the Renaissance or, in translation from Latin, the Renaissance?
This is a whole cultural stratum that replaced the ascetic Middle Ages and brought with it the revival of antiquity, the flourishing of culture, humanism, and the establishment of a person’s identity as the highest value.
Italy of the thirteenth century is considered the cradle of the Renaissance, and this era lasted until the 16th century, when new trends and styles in art began to appear. The sculpture, which previously only Continue reading