Romanticism (French romantisme from Latin romanum Roman from Roma – Rome) is one of two, along with Classicism, the fundamental tendencies of artistic thinking. However, historically, they began to call this word a wide range of very different phenomena. At the end of the 18th century, everything unusual, fantastic, that which occurs “as in novels”, was called romantic or “romantic”. Romantic, sublime poetry was then considered the only worthy form of art. But there was another interpretation of the term: romantic – this is the art of Romanesque peoples, mainly medieval, which was opposed to classical, antique. The French word “roman” originally meant literary works not written in classical Latin, but in vulgar, folk dialects. Therefore, romantic art was first understood as the art of the Middle Ages, including the Renaissance, which did not stand out in a special era. The modern name “novel” is a drama for reading, more often a love story, the composition and style of which deviate from the classical rules. From here comes the word romance (French romance, art. French romanz). Continue reading
Pop art (popular art from popular art) is a trend that developed first in modernist fine art, and then in various areas of mass culture of the 20th century.
Pop art arose in the 50s of the 20th century in the USA and Great Britain and finally won a “place in the sun” at the international exhibition in Venice (1964), having won over abstract art. The main prize was then received by the American artist R. Rauschenberg for “subject compilation” composed of combinations of colorful postcards and a fragment of a poster, clippings from illustrated magazines and photographs of the murdered President J. Kennedy.
Representatives of pop art in the person of R. Rauschenberg offered the viewer art that operates on familiar objects, which, torn from the usual connections with surrounding objects, appeared in random, paradoxical combinations.
“New objectivity”, which Cubism asserted at the beginning of the 20th century, returned in subject compilations of pop art. Turning to the world of things created by mass industrial production, pop art quickly entered the sphere of Continue reading